I have used a Macintosh Computer since my first fat Mac (Mac 512K) in 1984. This was upgraded in 1986 to a MacPlus which is still capable of running most all Mac classic software. I did move up to a Duo 230 laptop with a dock in 1993, a (blue/white) Power Mac G3 tower in 1999, a graphite/white iBook G3 in 2001, and a G5 iMac in 2004. I currently use an Intel MacBook Pro I got in 2009 and the G5 iMac. I belong to the Mac@LehighValley Mac Users Group which meets once a month in Macungie. We keep up to date on new Apple products, but also share information on how we use our Macs and help other people get started on Macs. We welcomed the Lehigh Valley Apple Store which opened September 19, 2007.
From the late Cary Lu's book "The Apple Macintosh Book", 1984: "The ideas behind Macintosh were originally developed at XEROX's Palo Alto Research Center and in 1981 led to the landmark XEROX Star(r), the first commercial computer with a visual interface. Apple's Lisa(TM), launched in 1983, brought the price of such machines below $10,000 -- much less than the Star, but still too high for most individuals and many businesses." The Macintosh (128k) came out in 1984 at a price considerably below the $10,000 level, closer to $2,000. It was an immediate hit. Prior to the Macintosh, the IBM PC came out in 1981. By 1983 the PC had surpassed Apple as the leading personal- computer maker. IBM profited by a flood of software and by competition from many other manufacturers of PC clones. In 1984, the first Macintosh was not really competitive in terms of power since it just had MacPaint, MacWrite, MS Word, ThinkTank, Multiplan, MS Chart, MS File, MacTerminal, BASIC, Pascal and Logo. These were basic programs but very easy to use. This brought the power of the PC to everyone. Here is a feature by feature comparison of the PC and Mac in 1984.
The "fat Mac" (512k Mac) gave hope for the Mac becoming
a powerhouse and proved that Apple might pursue a policy of upward
compatibility and upgrades. The MacPlus further demonstrated the
policy of upward compatibility and of upgrades. It also brought
out the SCSI port which provided a fast port to external hard
drives. Mac's strengths were in desk top publishing, where it
stole the market, and in networking. Also the closed architecture
made sure that programs would work on all Macs and not just ones
with certain expansion boards.
For many years, Microsoft used many items produced on Macs since Windows had very limited graphics capabilities. Here are some of the things created on Macintosh for the Windows/Intel World:
A Belt and Suspenders Approach to Backups
A person really can’t afford not to have a good backup if they keep anything of value on their Mac. If you have ever lost your main hard drive, you realize how much you take for granted: email addresses, email, internet addresses, pictures, software, lots of settings, and a zillion files that you forget that you rely on.
The Price Is Right
External hard drives are very cheap now. A 500 GB hard drive is less than $100. Backup software cheap also. Carbon Copy Cloner is freeware, but SuperDuper! is $28 shareware and is twice as fast. Time Machine is included with Mac OS X 10.5.
If you don’t keep a backup, you can spend weeks just getting your computer so that it is useable after a computer crash or a hard drive crash.
Thank You, Time Machine
I use Time Machine, which comes with Mac OS X 10.5. After an initial complete backup, Time Machine makes hourly backups of all files that have changed since the previous backup except for working files like caches that don’t need to be saved. You can have it ignore any files, but I have it back up just about everything. Time Machine was buggy and quirky when it first came out, but since then I have been using it continuously for about 6 months and haven’t had any problems.
The main times I have needed Time Machine to restore a file was when I updated software and found that the update didn’t work with my old files and that the new software had removed the previous version that did work. I just deleted the new version and had Time Machine restore the old version.
I have 180 GB of files on my 250 GB internal hard drive. The first Time Machine backup took 16 hours. Subsequent hourly updates just take minutes. I use a 1 TB external drive for my Time Machine backup disk. However, the Time Machine backups of the 180 GB of data on my 250 GB internal drive only take about 225 GB on the external Time Machine disk. I probably could have easily gotten by with a 500 GB drive.
My Data Preservation Strategy
Before I did the either the Mac OS X 10.5.5 or 10.5.6 update, I backed up my 250 GB internal hard drive to a 250 GB external FireWire hard drive. That took 5 hours with SuperDuper! With Carbon Copy Cloner it took 10 hours. Then, I ran Disk Utility to repair all permissions on my internal hard drive as Apple recommends before installing updates. Then, I ran Onyx, a freeware utility, to run all Mac OS Maintenance routines and clean up caches and other files that accumulate.
I have a 350 GB external drive that I use as a backup for Time Machine. However, rather than backup the Time Machine drive, I just have Time Machine treat the 350 GB as a Time Machine Disk and just backup the files for me. That took 16 hours the first time, but subsequent updates go much faster. Time machine has absolutely no problem having several different backup disks.
To prevent data loss, my goals are:
My computer has a 250 GB drive with 180 GB of files.
The backup tools I use include:
FireWire bootable drives are great in giving you immediate access to your system. However, it is somewhat time consuming to make a bootable backup. In my case it takes 5 hours with SuperDuper! I have a PowerPC Mac and only FireWire drives can be made bootable. [I was informed by our MacUser Group President, Shirley Hershey, that unfortunately, not all FireWire drives are bootable and it’s not always easy to determine which are and which aren’t. Most Maxtor drives are bootable but that’s not always the case with Western Digital FireWire drives. If in doubt, check with the manufacturer.] It is my understanding that with Intel Macs that USB drives can also be made bootable.
Time Machine is very easy to use to restore files. It runs unnoticed in the background until you need it to restore files. It is not bootable and is not very practical to restore all files.
Safety With Redundancy
The combination of a bootable FireWire drive and Time Machine guards against all eventualities that I can foresee.
Using this strategy I had absolutely no difficulties in doing either the Mac OS X 10.5.5 or 10.5.6 update and had the confidence that I could go back quickly if it didn’t work.
If a person has fixed a drive failure or a computer failure, or a bad software install that has lost all files on the internal hard drive, they can easily recover. To recover their files they can boot from the external bootable hard drive by holding down Commend-Option-Shift-Delete while the computer is booting up. Then open SuperDuper! to restore the internal hard drive from the external hard drive. Then boot from the internal hard drive and use either of the Time Machine drives to restore individual files that are newer than the bootable backup.
The second Time Machine drive is probably unnecessary, but it gives an added degree to security in case of a failure of the primary Time Machine drive or if it is stolen or lost in a fire. Also, I had the drive and wanted to use it.
Backing up in Word.Here is a hint for recovering from inadvertently overwriting an existing Word file. Several times I have created a new Word file by modifying an existing Word file and then inadvertently saved it under the original name rather than the new name. This destroys the original file, but is very easy to recover from. You just save the file under the new name. Then, hit “undo” until you get back to the original file and then save that under the old name. I have had to do this several times recently. [I am using Word 2004]
Home Network For Two Macs
A. Installed and Enabled on Both Computers:
B. Control Panel Configuration on Both Computers:
Making the Ethernet Connection
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